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“Developmental problems in over-winter off-season longan fruit. I: Effect of temperatures ”收入SCI

来源: 南亚热带作物研究所    更新: 2010-09-08    浏览: 4110    字体:

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Scientia Horticulturae
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doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2010.07.030 | How to Cite or Link Using DOI
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Developmental problems in over-winter off-season longan fruit. I: Effect of temperatures

Wei-Hai Yanga, b, 1, Xiao-Chuan Zhuc, 1, Si-Cong Dengb, Hui-Cong Wangb, Gui-Bing Hub, Hong Wud and Xu-Ming Huangb, Corresponding Author Contact Information, E-mail The Corresponding Author

a South Subtropical Crops Research Institute, Zhangjiang, Guangdong 524091, China

b College of Horticulture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China

c Faculty of Materials and Energy, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 51000, China

d College of Life Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China

Received 25 January 2010; 
revised 21 July 2010; 
accepted 21 July 2010. 
Available online 17 August 2010.

 
 

Abstract

Fruit development was investigated in the field in over-winter off-season (bloomed in late November) and on-season (bloomed in mid April) longans (Dimocarpus longan Lour. cv. Chuliang) in 2004–2005 and 2007–2008 crops, and in potted trees grown in phytotrons set at cold (15/10 °C, day/night, simulating winter) or warm temperatures (28/23 °C, day/night) in 2008. Development of fruit in both on-season and off-season longans could be divided into two stages based on the pattern of fresh weight increase. Stage I was characterized by the slow fruit growth, and Stage II by rapid fruit growth with aril expansion. Off-season longan had a longer period of fruit development than on-season longan, chiefly due to a longer Stage I. The development of off-season fruit, especially in Stage I, was exposed to low and abruptly fluctuating temperatures. In contrast, the temperatures during on-season fruit growth were warmer and less fluctuating. Off-season fruit were smaller with a significantly higher fruit drop. Intensive fruit drop did not occur during cold period until temperature had risen. Fruit cracking in off-season longan was severe (27.6%) in 2004–2005 with a dry and cold winter, but negligible in 2007–2008 with a wet and cold winter. In phytotron experiment, trees exposed to the cold temperature regime during early fruit development produced significantly smaller fruit compared to those exposed to the warm temperature regime (6.2 g vs 7.3 g), while there was no significant difference in fruit drop rate and cracking incidence. The results suggested temperatures lower than 15 °C were stressful for the growth of young fruit and reduced the growth potential and thus fruit size. Severe fruit drop in over-winter off-season longan might be associated with stressful cold plus abrupt temperature fluctuations, while severe fruit cracking in over-winter off-season longan might be related to cold and dry weather in the winter.

 

Research highlights

right triangle, filled Over-winter longan has such developmental problems as small fruit size, severe fruit drop and cracking. right triangle, filled Stressful temperatures of <15 °C in young fruit stage reduce fruit growth potential and final size. right triangle, filled Stressful cold plus abrupt temperature fluctuations induces excessive fruit drop. right triangle, filled Severe fruit cracking is related to cold and dry weather in young fruit stage. right triangle, filled Long-term exposure to cold in Stage I might reduce heat requirement of Stage II.

Keywords: Longan; Off-season; Fruit size; Fruit cracking; Fruit drop; Temperature

Article Outline

1.
Introduction
2.
Materials and methods
2.1. Field investigations
2.2. Experiment in phytotrons
2.3. Plotting fruit growth curves
3.
Results
3.1. Changes in temperatures during fruit development in field
3.2. Fruit growth and air temperature in the field
3.3. Fruit drop and fruit cracking in the field
3.4. Fruit development in phytotron
4.
Discussion
4.1. Temperature and duration of fruit development
4.2. Temperature and fruit size
4.3. Temperature and fruit set
4.4. Temperature and fruit cracking
5.
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References








Corresponding Author Contact InformationCorresponding author. Tel.: +86 20 85288273; fax: +86 20 85280228.
1 These authors contributed equally to the work.

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Scientia Horticulturae
Article in Press, Corrected Proof - Note to users
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